US Patent No. 1 is not the first US Patent. For 46 years (1790-1836) patents were not numbered, so those patents have now been given the prefix “X”, making them the so called “X series patents”, all of which were issued prior to U.S. Patent No. 1, and making the actual first patent number “X000001”.
To see a clear copy of the language (courtesy of Wikipedia) and image of the first US patent, issued July 31, 1790 by George Washington, President, (after being examined by Thomas Jefferson) to Samuel Hopkins of Philadelphia for a method of making pot ash, click here.
To see US Patent No. 1 (1836) , issued to US Senator John Ruggles of Maine for “Traction Wheels” for cog wheels for cog railways, click here